Deliverable 2.2 now available
Subject: Analytical Model and Initial Scenarios on Open Data and Transparency
Document produced by: Insight Centre for Data Analytics, National University Ireland Galway (NUIG)
Adegboyega Ojo, firstname.lastname@example.org, Lukasz Porwol, email@example.com, Edobor Osagie, firstname.lastname@example.org, Samuel Adebayo, email@example.com, Mike Hogan, firstname.lastname@example.org
Due date: 31 July 2015
Route-To-PA (Raising Open and User-friendly Transparency-Enabling Technologies for Public Administration) is an innovation project focused on prototyping and piloting the enhancement and integration of an Open Data Platform and a Social Networking Engine to facilitate greater accessibility, open data understanding, metadata linking, and personalization of data usage. Two primary objectives of the Route-To-PA project include: 1) enabling local government authorities transition into the use of next generation of Open Data portals integrated with tools that will enable citizens to socially engage over open data resources -to be provided via the Social Platform for Open Data (SPOD) sub-infrastructure, and 2) providing tools that could be integrated into existing open data platforms to enable significantly greater data accessibility, quality and understandability -to be provided via the Transparency Enhancing Toolset (TET) component. This report entitled “D2.2 – Analytical Framework and Initial Scenarios for Open Data and Transparency”, presents the results of our analysis of the state of the art in Transparency and Open Data. The work documented in this report takes as input some of the workshop and interview data partly described and analysed in Deliverable D2.1 titled “State of the Art Report on Open Data Platforms”. The results presented are structured into two core aspects:
1) The Analytical Framework for Open Data and Transparency – comprises a set of simple models developed from existing theories and models on Transparency that will be used as a tool to analyse the transparency requirements and open data needs for the different scenarios associated with each of the pilots in Dublin, Groningen, Prato, Den Haag and Issy-les-Moulineaux. Specifically, the developed framework enables determining: specific conditions for effective open data mediated transparency in each of the presented scenarios; the different categories and roles of actors involved in the scenarios as well as the transparency relationships among them; the role of open data in the different transparency contexts; and finally the transparency measures that are relevant to each scenario. The user scenario building and evaluation is a part of WP5 and the transparency measures are important particularly from the perspective of T5.1 an scenario evaluation. Another important use of the analytical framework as a tool is in the identification of primary or fundamental scenarios that other scenarios may build or rely upon.
2) Scenario Descriptions – comprises a set of descriptions of Route-To-PA platform’s (TET and SPOD) usage by different actors (Sutcliffe, 1998). In the context of this report, scenario descriptions capture sequence of events describing possible interactions with the future TET-enabled open data platform and SPOD platform. These scenarios will be developed based on the initial scenarios provided by pilot partners. Essentially, the refined set of scenarios will focus on the interaction between different user categories and Route-To-PA platform.
The approach adopted comprises the following four steps: literature search, mapping of models and theories to views, integration of views and application of integrated model in scenario analyses. Four analytical facets corresponding to Pepper’s (1942) world views were adopted for structuring different models and theories found in the literature. Forty (40) scenarios were developed from the five categories of initial high-level scenarios/stories provided by pilot partners. Analyses of the scenarios will underpin the development of the Transparency Enhancing Toolset (TET) and Social Platform for Open Data (SPOD) elements of the Route-To-PA platform. This design is consistent with the goal of building sound connections between the two components of open government as described in (Davies, 2013) – “vision” and “voice” -, where vision covers proactive transparency with open data publication (addressed by TET extension) and voice connotes both formal and informal arenas for end-users to engage (supported by SPOD social platform).